Which factors determine water quality?
Water quality is determined by the presence and quantity of contaminants, by physical/ chemical factors such as pH and conductivity, by the number of salts present and by the presence of nutrients. Humans largely influence all these factors, as they discharge their waste in water and add all kinds of substances and contaminants to water that are not naturally present.

What is in our drinking water?

Drinking water, like every other substance, contains small amounts of bacteria. Most of these bacteria are common ones and they are generally not harmful. Chlorine is usually added to drinking water to prevent bacterial growth while the water streams through pipelines. This is why drinking water also contains minimal amounts of chlorine.

Water mostly consists of minerals and other inorganic compounds, such as calcium.

If you want to find out what substances your tap water consists of and whether it is totally safe to drink you can let us have a sample of your drinking water and we will have it tested at a lab for you.

Where does drinking water come from?

Drinking water can come from different resources. For one, it can be pumped from the ground through wells. This groundwater is then purified, so that it will contain no more contaminants and is suited to drink. Drinking water can also be prepared directly from surface water resources, such as rivers, lakes and streams. Usually surface water has to undergo many more purification steps than groundwater to become suited to drink.

What dangers can there be in drinking water?

There are several problems that can endanger the quality of drinking water.


Bacteria, coliforms, E coli, yeasts, viruses, ect.


Chlorine, Pestisides, Nitrade, ect

Heavy metals:

Lead, iron, copper, ect.

Does boiling help?

Boiling is not the answer. Boiled water is advised by some health authorities. Boiling removes none of the inorganic minerals, although it does kill the bacteria in raw ( raw means water that has not been treated in any way. ) water if boiled for at least 20 minutes. But the dead bodies of these germs are carried into the system when the boiled water is used. Such dead materials furnish a fertilized soil for rapid and lusty propagation of germs already in the body. By drinking boiled water one may avoid live disease germs, but still takes on bacterial soil for growth of other bacteria. While raw water is aquarium filled with deadly micro-organisms, boiled water is a graveyard of dead germs. Boiling water does not make the water safer, it only increases the concentration of nitrates.- The Choice Is Clear, DR Allen E. Banik.

Is water pollution a serious problem?

Water pollution is a serious problem that affects everyone. When it rains the water travels down storm pipes, over the ground and ditches picking up any pollutants that are on the ground and bringing them directly into the streams, lakes and rivers. Everything that goes onto the ground has the potential to end up in the water supply. This includes garbage, oils, paint, wastes, fertilizers, pesticides and household detergents.

Septic systems are failing all around the country causing untreated waste materials to flow freely into stream, rivers and lakes and polluting the drinking water.

Fertilizers and pesticides from gardens and commercial growers leak into the water system through the ground water or when it gets washed into storm sewers and drains into the rivers and streams. Livestock causes a lot of pollution due to the rain flowing over the wastes produced by the livestock and being transported into the streams and rivers. Livestock waste is full of bacteria and is very harmful to humans and causes many diseases.

About two million tons of waste is dumped every day into rivers, lakes and streams. One litre of wastewater pollutes about eight litres of fresh water.

What is water purification?

Water purification generally means freeing water from any kind of impurity it contains, such as contaminants or micro organisms.
Water purification is not a very one-sided process; the purification process contains many steps. The steps that need to be progressed depend on the kind of impurities that are found in the water.

What is Reverse Osmosis?

A water process utilizing a membrane to remove dissolved minerals ( These minerals are inorganic ). The process of osmosis occurs in nature, when a pure solution is separated from a saline solution by a semi-permeable membrane. The pure solution passes through the membrane until a pressure differential is reached called Osmotic Pressure. At this pressure differential, determined by the constituents and concentration in the saline solution, osmosis stops. Reverse Osmosis reverses this process by applying pressure in excess of the osmotic pressure to the saline solution, forcing water through the membrane. As this occurs, most dissolved solids remain behind and are carried out with the reject stream. The purified water can be utilized as needed.

What about minerals?

“The body can only use ORGANIC minerals. It is physiologically impossible for your body to use an inorganic mineral. It simply cannot and will not do it. We are not rock or soil eaters. When you drink water containing minerals, they are inorganic. They lead to kidney stones, gallstones, and ossification of the brain, arthritis and heart disease. All fruits, vegetables, whole grains, nuts, seeds and sprouts are food that supply you with the finest minerals: organic minerals. All others, whether from water or supplements, are nothing more than rocks or pulverized metals. Anyone who tells you otherwise is either selling mineral supplements or should be wearing a dunce cap to give you a fair warning of his or her lack of understanding of this vital issue.”- Fit For Life II, By Harvey & Marilyn Diamond.

What about rain water ?

Rain water, which has been distilled by the heat of the sun, should contain no mineral matter and no germs. But when it falls from the clouds as rain, it falls through air filled with bacteria, dust, smoke, chemicals, mud and minerals. By the time it reaches the earth as rain water it is so saturated with decaying matter, dirt and chemicals that its color becomes a yellowish-white.- The Choice Is Clear, DR Allen E. Banik.